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Downtown Gyeongju Vicinity | Mt. Namsan | Mt. Tohansan | Seoak Vicinity | Bomun Lake Resort
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Down Town Gyeongju

Gyeongju National Museum


▲ Gyeongju National Museum 

At the Gyeongju National Museum, one can get a complete  view of the Silla Dynasty at a glance. In an  effort to  restore the splendid cultural heritage and spirit of arts,  the wishes of the citizens of  Gyeongju were  realized with  the opening of the museum  in Inwang-dong  in 1975.

The museum contains  100,000  pieces of  valuable relics  recovered in  and around Gyeongju. Among them, 2,500 items are always on  exhibit.


▲ The Divine Bell of King Seongdeok 

This bronze bell, called " The Divine Bell  of King Seongdeok" was cast in memory of King Seongdeok and was completed during the  reign  of  King Hyegong.

Having very elegant and tense looks, together with a   crystal-clear and eloquent sound, it is by far the best of  its kind.

It was once said,  "There is none  greater   when  it comes to bells;  it is the all-time best bell.”


Cheomseongdae


▲  Banwolseong Castle

In the middle of Gyeongju City, just outside the  downtown area, is the Banwolseong Castle site, up  on a hill, in a crescent shape; it is one of Silla's  palatial ruins.

With the South River (Namcheon) to its  front and overlooking  Namsan Castle in the distance,  Banwolseong Castle was, geographically, a very important fortress.

Down from Banwolseong, you can  find Gyerim(Chicken Forest), where the founder of the Kim clan, Kim Al-ji, was said to have been born. 

According to the story, King Talhae heard the sound of a chicken in the forest, at that spot, a gold box was found hanging  from the branch of a tree,  with a white  chicken under it. A baby, Kim Al-ji,  was found in the box.

Near Gyerim, there is the Cheomseongdae Observatory, one of the  oldest astronomical  observatories of its kind East Asia. 

The observatory  consists of 362 stones which correspond to the days in a year and representing the number  of basic stars.


▲  Cheomseongdae Observatory


▲ Gyerim Forest 


Daereungwon Nodong and Noseo-dong Tumuli park


Daereungwon

In harmony with the people living in Gyeongju today, the  tombs recall the atmosphere of the ancient capital of  Silla.

Of particular note are the tombs near the center  of Gyeongju, which unite the Hwango-dong,  Hwangnam-dong, Nodong and Noseo-dong areas of the city.

The tombs create a panoramic scene, in their clusters.

They were constructed during the early  stages of ancient Silla and have yielded many treasures, including a gold crown.


Nodong and Noseo-dong Tumuli park


Hwangryongsa Temple


▲ Wooden pagoda site

To the east of Anapji Pond, is located the Hwangryongsa Temple  site, the largest one from the Silla Dynasty.

It was built over a long  period of 93 years, through four  kings,  from 553 A.D.(in the 14th year of King Jinheung) to 645 A .D.(in the 14th year of Queen Seondeok).

Originally intended as a royal palace,  legend has it that  a yellow  dragon appeared and the place was rebuilt and renamed Hwangryongsa(Yellow Dragon Temple). 

Along with the legend of the guardian dragon, it was  considered a symbol of  protection for Silla against evil.

Among its treasures were a nine-story wooden  pagoda, Geumdong Buddha Triad, Geumdang mural by Solgeo, and a huge bronze bell weighing 500,000 geun (one geun is about.6 kilograms).

Remaining, is a giant protective stone, to remind people of the magnificent scale of that time.


▲ Simchoseok


▲ Geumdang Site Jangryuksang pedestal


Bunhwangsa Temple


▲ Inwang Statue of Bunhwangsa Temple

Located on the north side of Hwangryongsa Temple,  Bunhwangsa Temple was the home of many Silla monks, such as Wonhyo and Jajang.

It was founded in 634 A .D. (In the 3rd year of Queen Seondeok), and the monk Jajang had served as chief monk there after studying in Dang Dynasty China.

It is the very temple where Wonhyo wrote many books and brought Buddhism to the common people.

The temple once housed a Cheonsudaebihwa painting and Gwaneumbosal mural by Solgeo, but they were lost  after several invasions.

On the temple grounds, you  can find a stone pagoda built with rocks shaped like bricks and the Hwajaengguksabi Monument in Wonhyo`s honor.

The well, called Samyongbyeoneojeong,  remains intact after more then a millenium  and is still in use.


Neungji Pagoda is in the neighborhood of Temple Sacheonwangsa, Tomb of Queen Seondeok, Tomb of King Sinmun.

The site of the pagoda is assumed to be the place where King Munmu was cremated.


▲ Samyongbyeoneojeong Well


▲ Stone Pagoda of Bunhwangsa Temple


Mt.Nangsan


Mt. Nangsan

Mt. Nangsan has a long history, even though the hill  only 104 meters high.

Silla people never cut the trees  on this hill, as they believed mountain spirits would  come down.

This is also where  Baekyeol, the great  composer of Silla, led a clean and destitute life  by  getting away from the world outside.

Also, Choi  Chi-won, a great writer, had his home here.

Around  Mt. Nangsan, are the royal tombs of king Seondeok, Sinmun and Hyogong. Located here is  also the  Neungji Pagoda where King Munmu was cremated.

Many temple sites were scattered around as well.


▲ Maaejijangsamjon Buddha Relief


▲ Royal Tomb of King Sinmun

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